Saturday, February 02, 2008

Preparing Nigerian youth for globilization

Here are Joseph Stiglitz's observations about the impacts of globization on the nations of Africa in his book "Making Globilization Work":

"In the 1990's many of the African countries, including Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, and Ghana, found themselves with new leadership, and the new leaders seemed more committed than the old to pursuing good economic policies. Some, such as Olusejun Obasanjo in Nigeria, Yoweri Museveni in Uganda, Benjamin Mkapa in Tanzania, and Meles Zenawi in Ethiopia, took strong stands against corruption; even if it was not eliminated entirely, remarkable progress was made."

Olusejun Obasanjo was succeeded by Umaru Musa Yar'Adua in a controversial election last year. He pledged to continue with Mr Obasanjo's economic reforms and fight against corruption. (GW)

Empowering youths for sustainable development

The Tide Online
January 30, 2008

A paper delivered by Mr Christopher Briggs, mni, Mnim at the international management conference of the Nigerian Institute of Management held in Kano, November 2007.

In our opinion, the seven- point development agenda of His Excellency, President Musa Yar ‘Adua, has been received widely by the long traumatised citizenry, not for the pronouncement, but largely because of the very positive perception of the person and track record of Mr. President. Nigeria may not have a second chance to reverse the ominous tide. It must be now and may be never.

Challenges facing the Nigerian youth in a globalisied world

Globalisation is a new historical reality that is propelled by knowledge and technological advancement. The rapid expansion of markets across national boundaries and the socio-political effects it brings, has grave implications for developing countries including Nigeria. There is consensus that less developed and technologically disadvantaged countries shall be unable to take advantage of the increased opportunities that globalisation provides and are to be increasingly powerless and marginalised. (Bolton, 2007; Anao, 2002).

Evidently, successful integration into the global economy shall be a tall order for Nigeria, considering the perceived challenges that confront majority of Nigeria’s overwhelming youth population. These include:

Restricted access to functional and qualitative education

Despite enormous progress made in educational outcomes, there are still many young people who lack basic skills needed to support their post-school life. Though high enrolment are reported in many States under the UBE scheme, early dropouts, grade repetition and poor education quality mean that many enter adolescence poorly prepared and ill-equipped for work and life.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics (2006) 33% of persons aged 15 years and above could not read or write in any language. Higher literacy rate (79.6%) was recorded for urban areas. The primary school completion rate at the national level is dismal. Only 47% of children had access to secondary school (69.3%, urban and 37.5%, rural); The South West reported highest figure of 69.4%, followed by South-South (48%) and South East recording the lowest (32.3%). As many as 43.4% expressed dissatisfaction with their secondary education. The level of satisfaction was highest in South West (74.8%) and lowest in North East (42.1%).

Furthermore, there are proven significant shortfalls in available educational infrastructure to provide access to a functional and qualitative [VOCATION-ORIENTED] education for all Nigeria children and youths if the Millennium Development Goals are to be met.

Worse still, the curriculum content and delivery of our school system are hardly consistent with post-school employment requirements. Currently, the consequences of our failure to effectively implement the 6-3-3-4 education system are stirring us at the face. ICT penetration has been insignificant for the majority of children and youths, except for the rich.

Grossly limited access to employment

Succinctly put, transition from school to work remains a major challenge, such that many young persons end up either unemployed or underemployed in the informal sector with little or no protection and prospects (UNECA, 2006). Currently, the expansion of employment opportunities is far below the growth in the youth population, partly because of lack of commensurate investments and appropriate technologies.

Prolonged dependence on imported goods, ranging from tooth picks to tissue papers, polished rice to house hold furniture, paints, cars, textiles and second hand wears etc in preference to anything “Made in Nigeria” goods, has tacitly undermined genuine attempts to boost local production efforts.

Locally manufactured goods are perceived as substandard, fake, imitation, corrupted and unreliable. Nigeria’s 140 million population has in stead provided ready market and supported the economy and labour force of other countries. Cheap and substandard goods “from abroad” have for long been dumped on gullible Nigerians; all depleting the forex needs of the nation and displacing local workforce. India, South Korea, Singapore and Malaysia are worthy examples of economies that have developed from within. Nigeria must chat its course in a determined and aggressive manner if she must assert its identity and survive.

Lack of access to business support funds and migration

Aggravated by lack of economic opportunities like soft loans or grants to start businesses, most ill-prepared youths migrate to urban areas or to other countries at great risk, even untimely death, to seek often elusive greener pastures. Dashed hopes easily propel most vulnerable ones to crime, prostitution, drugs, robberies, cult-related activities, militancy etc.

Lack of access to reliable health support

As in most developing countries, youths in Nigeria are vulnerable to debilitating diseases and various health problems associated with inadequate national healthcare services, poverty and promiscuity. The high incidence of HIV/AIDs among Nigerian youth is a matter of national concern. This poses one of the greatest challenges to sustainable development..

Over-dependence on oil

According to the United Nations Security Council’s Global Policy Forum, “Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa, is also one of the best endowed in terms of natural resources. Yet, it is one of the poorest countries in the world. As is the case with many oil-rich developing countries, oil reserves have proved a mixed blessing for Nigeria. Since 1974, only 14 years after independence, oil production for export has been by far the main source of revenue for the government. (Either by choice or default) ... The oil industry has expanded in Nigeria at the expense of other previously important production sectors, such as agriculture and manufacturing. This has created regional imbalances and an increasingly unequal distribution of wealth between different sectors of society, deepening the potential for conflict in this complex multi-ethnic nation. “

Report from Essential Action & Global Exchange - "Oil for Nothing: Multinational Corps, Environmental Destruction, Death &: Impunity in the Niger Delta".

This persistent trend has accounted largely for Nigeria’s woes and has justifiably agitated the citizenry, particularly its teaming youth population. The implication has been overdependence on expatriates who dominate and man the industry to the detriment of nationals. A holistic response, backed with the requisite political will is urgently required to return the country to the part of rectitude.

Over exposure to negative western cultures

Aided by the proliferation of information technology through cable networks, the internet, advanced mobile communication facilities, the world has indeed become a global village. The negative consequences however is that most Nigerian youths who are not productively engaged are hooked on to strange western cultures emulated through these media that alienate them further from their traditional roots. Drug use and abuse, violence, promiscuity, access to ammunitions, gangsterism etc, are known to be negative behaviours that are learnt and made lifestyles through these channels.

Distanced from cherished cultural values

The well acknowledged decay of time tested and highly regarded traditional value systems are pointers to the generational gap created in contemporary Nigeria to the detriment of its youth, who will emerge as the custodians of our respective cultures and leaders of tomorrow. This gap erodes the identity and rich cultural heritage that has remained a source of our national pride among the comity of nations. Embedded in this heritage is the culture of duty, hard work, social and civic responsibility, sense of dignity in labour, productivity, honesty, transparency, respect for elders and the status quo.

Over exposure to the culture of greed and corruption

Today’s youth are the real victims of Nigeria’s resource-curse dilemma. They were born and raised during the darkest era of Nigeria’s economic history, characterised by greed, misrule, recklessness in the management of national resources, deprivation marginalisation in the name of QUOTA SYSTEM and unbridled poverty in the midst of plenty. They were indeed born into a culture of institutionalised corruption in every facet of the national life and were psychologically sedated to imbibe the lifestyle of greed, selfishness, fraud, examination malpractice, a get-rich-quick-at-all-cost mentality, disrespect for law and order. These are Nigeria’s endangered youth population, to who Nigeria must restitute to secure its future.

Ethnicity and lack of National consciousness

Our multi-ethnicity has been one of our greatest assets as a nation. It has also been our greatest challenge in the process of nation building. There is a low national consciousness and loyalty. Nigerians often refer to themselves, first as Northerners, Southerners, Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa, Ijaw, and Efik, before seeing themselves as Nigerians. To them, being Nigerian is secondary. This can not be said of the American or even the Ghanaian. This speaks volumes and will remain a major challenge to the enterprising Nigerian youth who stand the risk of being reminded any day, anywhere in his motherland that he/she is a stranger, whose landmark contributions to national development can be deliberately sidelined because of where he/she comes from.

To be continued.


Blogger Anwoju Kunle said...

wonderful wonderful write up, would like to share it with my viewers.nice work.

7:12 AM  
Blogger Coach Factory said...

chanel handbags, true religion, coach outlet store online, polo ralph lauren, oakley sunglasses, tory burch outlet, michael kors outlet, christian louboutin outlet, louis vuitton outlet, gucci handbags, burberry outlet online, cheap oakley sunglasses, louboutin shoes, kate spade handbags, prada outlet, nike air max, nike free, michael kors outlet store, kate spade outlet online, louis vuitton outlet online, longchamp outlet, burberry outlet online, michael kors outlet online, nike shoes, michael kors outlet online, ray ban sunglasses, oakley vault, louis vuitton outlet, louis vuitton, christian louboutin shoes, michael kors outlet online, michael kors outlet online, coach outlet, jordan shoes, prada handbags, louis vuitton handbags, red bottom shoes, longchamp outlet online, tiffany and co jewelry, coach outlet, nike air max, ray ban outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, coach purses, longchamp handbags

11:00 PM  
Blogger Coach Factory said...

longchamp, nike roshe run, barbour, scarpe hogan, oakley pas cher, north face pas cher, ray ban uk, longchamp, nike air max, hollister, hermes pas cher, michael kors uk, guess pas cher, air max, burberry pas cher, ray ban pas cher, louis vuitton uk, tn pas cher, sac michael kors, nike blazer pas cher, nike air max, ralph lauren, converse pas cher, timberland, abercrombie and fitch, true religion outlet, michael kors canada, lululemon, sac louis vuitton, hollister, mulberry, louis vuitton pas cher, new balance pas cher, nike air force, vans pas cher, lacoste pas cher, longchamp pas cher, north face, sac vanessa bruno, nike huarache, nike free, chaussure louboutin, air jordan, air max pas cher, ralph lauren pas cher, nike trainers, nike roshe, nike free pas cher, louis vuitton, true religion outlet

11:01 PM  
Blogger Coach Factory said...

uggs outlet, giuseppe zanotti, mcm handbags, canada goose outlet, marc jacobs outlet, soccer jerseys, rolex watches, ugg soldes, mont blanc pens, ferragamo shoes, birkin bag, ugg outlet, babyliss pro, north face outlet, north face jackets, p90x workout, moncler, moncler outlet, herve leger, reebok outlet, canada goose, wedding dresses, moncler, abercrombie and fitch, lululemon outlet, celine handbags, valentino shoes, ghd, jimmy choo shoes, insanity workout, new balance outlet, roshe run, uggs on sale, asics shoes, moncler, beats headphones, canada goose outlet, nfl jerseys, canada goose outlet, instyler ionic styler, mac cosmetics, ugg, canada goose pas cher, vans outlet, bottega veneta, soccer shoes, chi flat iron, ugg boots, canada goose uk, hollister

11:02 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

2015-5-9 xiaozhengm
michael kors
michael kors outlet
coach outlet
timberland earthkeepers
true religion
christian louboutin
abercrombie kids
louis vuitton handbags
jordan 4
michael kors bag
ray ban sunglasses
christian louboutin sale
coach outlet
p90x workouts
hollister co
louis vuitton
adidas shoes
chanel outlet
michael kors bag
true religion
kevin durant shoes
kate spade outlet
coach outlet
coach factory outlet
louis vuitton handbags
oakley vault
michael kors outlet
michael kors handbags
jordan 13
michael kors purse
toms outlet
burberry outlet
louis vuitton outlet
jordan 11s
hollister clothing
ray ban glasses
oakley vault
coach factory outlet

10:04 PM  
Blogger Meiqing Xu said...

jordan 3 retro
louis vuitton handbags
fitflops clearance
caoch outlet
ray bans
michael kors outlet
oakley sunglasses
ray ban sungalss
tods outlet
christian louboutin outlet
prada outlet
jordan 4 toro
replica watches
jordan 4
abercrombie & fitch new york
mont blanc
ray ban glasses
coach factory outlet
ed hardy clothing
oakley sunglasses
jordan concords
toms outlet
abercrombie fitch
air jordan pas cher
louis vuitton
chanel handbags
timberland boots
michael kors
coach factory outlet online
christian louboutin shoes
football shoes
mont blanc pens
true religion outlet
abercrombie kids
kate spade
louis vuitton outlet
kobe bryant shoes 2015
michael kors

2:54 AM  
Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

ninest123 09.29
louis vuitton outlet, cheap jordans, tory burch outlet, chanel handbags, prada outlet, michael kors outlet, michael kors outlet online, cheap oakley sunglasses, tiffany jewelry, nike outlet, ralph lauren outlet, uggs on sale, nike air max, christian louboutin, louboutin uk, nike free, uggs outlet, kate spade, oakley sunglasses, ray ban sunglasses, ralph lauren polo, oakley sunglasses, michael kors, replica watches, longchamp outlet, gucci handbags, prada handbags, replica watches, burberry factory outlet, uggs on sale, longchamp bags, uggs on sale, christian louboutin, ray ban sunglasses, louis vuitton, oakley sunglasses, louboutin shoes, ray ban sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet online, michael kors outlet store, nike air max, uggs outlet, michael kors outlet online, louis vuitton outlet, longchamp outlet, tiffany jewelry, burberry outlet, oakley sunglasses

3:48 AM  
Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

sac guess pas cher, michael kors outlet online, coach purses, coach outlet, true religion outlet, north face pas cher, north face uk, hermes pas cher, michael kors, louboutin pas cher, jordan pas cher, nike free, vans pas cher, kate spade outlet, longchamp pas cher, nike air max uk, nike roshe uk, michael kors uk, nike air max, nike tn pas cher, nike roshe run pas cher, burberry pas cher, ralph lauren pas cher, true religion outlet, timberland pas cher, michael kors, lululemon outlet, new balance, coach outlet store online, longchamp soldes, nike free pas cher, vanessa bruno pas cher, nike air max uk, nike air force, hogan sito ufficiale, lunette oakley pas cher, polo ralph lauren uk, polo lacoste pas cher, true religion outlet, abercrombie and fitch, mulberry uk, nike blazer pas cher, abercrombie and fitch UK, nike air max pas cher, true religion jeans, hollister uk, converse, coach outlet, lunette ray ban pas cher

3:52 AM  
Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

new balance shoes, insanity workout, softball bats, north face outlet, vans scarpe, abercrombie, nike air huarache, valentino shoes, hermes handbags, beats by dre, iphone cases, mont blanc, p90x workout, north face outlet, nike air max, hollister, mcm handbags, converse shoes outlet, polo ralph lauren, celine handbags, nike trainers uk, ghd hair, reebok outlet, gucci, salvatore ferragamo, nike roshe run, nfl jerseys, babyliss pro, ray ban, soccer shoes, jimmy choo outlet, converse, instyler ionic styler, lululemon outlet, bottega veneta, wedding dresses, mac cosmetics, vans outlet, nike air max, timberland boots, oakley, chi flat iron, asics running shoes, soccer jerseys, hollister clothing, herve leger, giuseppe zanotti, longchamp uk, abercrombie and fitch, louboutin, michael kors handbags

3:57 AM  
Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

lancel, moncler outlet, louis vuitton, moncler, montre pas cher, moncler, louis vuitton, sac louis vuitton, toms shoes, moncler, canada goose jackets, thomas sabo uk, louis vuitton uk, michael kors handbags, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, bottes ugg pas cher, michael kors outlet, barbour, moncler, ugg uk, ugg pas cher, sac louis vuitton, marc jacobs, pandora jewelry, wedding dresses uk, supra shoes, canada goose uk, doke & gabbana, canada goose outlet, canada goose pas cher, swarovski uk, barbour jackets uk, swarovski jewelry, moncler pas cher, juicy couture outlet, coach outlet, moncler uk, replica watches, michael kors outlet online, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, pandora uk, links of london uk, moncler jackets, canada goose outlet, hollister, pandora charms, juicy couture outlet, canada goose, canada goose, pandora jewelry, canada goose jackets
ninest123 09.29

3:59 AM  
Blogger حسام داود said...

Cleaning services company in Riyadh of Staff of the best companies in Riyadh cleaning workers technical coach at the highest levelشركة تسليك مجارى بالرياض
شركة تنظيف فلل بالرياض
شركة تنظيف خزنات بالرياضCleaning services company in Riyadh of Staff of the best companies in Riyadh cleaning workers technical coach at the highest level
شركة مكافحة حشرات بالرياض
شركة تخزين اثاث بالرياض
شركة رش مبيدات بالرياض
شركة نظافه بالرياض
شركة تنظيف منازل بالرياض

2:53 AM  

Post a Comment

<< Home